REPORTS AND BRIEFINGS
Marketing of breast-milk substitutes: national implementation of the international code, status report 2022 WHO UNICEF IBFAN
STOP PRESS: Questioning the ethics of international research on formula milk supplementation in low-income African countries Doherty et al. BMJ Global Health.
Global evidence of persistent violations of the International Code of Marketing of Breast-milk Substitutes: A systematic scoping review
Interviews in the Journal of Human Lactation (JHL)
Interviews by Maryse Arendt, IBCLC, BSEd with key IBFAN figures:
Marina Ferreira Rea: A Militant Doctor active in the Endless Fight for Breastfeeding
as a Human Right – A Luta Continua! https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/full/10.1177/08903344211057122
Patti Rundall: A Passionate Activist, Full of Energy https://journals.sagepub.com/eprint/GJWE24XFBNER48ADTTNB/full and permanent link for institutional Access: https://doi.org/10.1177/0890334420971552 https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/0890334420971552?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&rfr_dat=cr_pub%20%200pubmed
Annelies Allain: Pioneer of the International Code of Marketing of Breastmilk Substitutes https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/full/10.1177/0890334418812075 2018 https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/0890334418812075?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&rfr_dat=cr_pub%20%200pubmed
Lida Lhotska and Judith Richter 2019: Protecting breastfeeding from conflicts of interest https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/pdf/10.1177/0890334419885859 December 9, 2019 Research Article Lida Lhotska, BSc, PhD, Judith Richter, MSc, MA, PhD
Interviews by others:
Doug Johnson: Advocacy, Strategy and Tactics Used to Confront Corporate Power: The Nestlé Boycott and International Code of Marketing of Breast-milk Substitutes https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/0890334420955158 open
David Clark 2020: Defender of Human Rights and Breastfeeding
and David Lawson Clark, LLB [HONS] interviewed by Laurence M. Grummer-Strawn, MPA, MA, Ph https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/full/10.1177/0890334420902685
Felicity Savage King:2017 https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/full/10.1177/0890334417726321
Margaret Kyenkya 2020 https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/full/10.1177/0890334420926951
History of IBFAN: Annelies https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/full/10.1177/08903344211041374
News of IBFAN: Betty Sterken 4 times a year
Doug Johnson Reprint of 1986 article (2020). Confronting corporate power: Strategies and phases of the Nestle Boycott. Journal of Human Lactation, https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/0890334420964752 (This article was previously published in Research in Corporate Social Performance and Policy, © 1986; 8: 323-344 by JAI Press Inc.)
Reply Annelies Allain https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/full/10.1177/08903344211049396
Codex. CCFL Advocacy at Work During the Codex Committee on Food Labelling Meeting https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/full/10.1177/08903344211057083
Despite countries’ commitments to improve nutrition, starting with the protection of breastfeeding, aggressive marketing of breastmilk substitutes continues to promote their indiscriminate use. The baby food industry appears to use similar interference tactics as the tobacco industry to influence public health, promote their products and expand their markets.
Learning from the tobacco experience, this paper assesses whether the baby food industry uses any of the six tobacco industry interference tactics recognized by the World Health Organization (WHO) and summarizes examples of documented evidence.
We conclude that the baby food industry uses all six tactics: (1) manoeuvring to hijack the political and legislative process; (2) exaggerating economic importance of the industry; (3) manipulating public opinion to gain appearance of respectability; (4) fabricating support through front groups; (5) discrediting proven science; and (6) intimidating governments with litigation. There is abundant anecdotal evidence. Published evidence is limited and varies by tactic. Examples of interference are provided for the Philippines, Vietnam, Laos, Turkey, Ecuador, Hong Kong, Mexico and the United Kingdom, and most for Tactic 3.
Interference in public health policies shows commonalities between the two industries. The tobacco control movement offers a useful framework for classifying and addressing interference with public policy by the baby food industry. Revealing the depth and extent of interference used by the baby food industry is critical if countries are to counter interference and implement commitments to improve nutrition.
For those interested in SUN – this evaluation about the SUN Business Network is revealing – showing no evidence of positive impact on those they claim to benefit.
THE CLIMATE EMERGENCY
Taking action now, worldwide – and from birth. First we need to talk about:
- global heating – not global warming
- climate emergency – not climate change
The UK and Ireland officially declared an environment and climate emergency in May 2019, followed by Canada declaring a national climate emergency in June 2019.
CLICK HERE for the carbon footprint report.
CLICK HERE FOR GREENFEEDING AND OTHER BRIEFINGS
Thanks to Elisabeth Sterken and Maryse Arendt for this work.
CORPORATIONS IN SCHOOLS
Seeing through the Spin (Education pack)
EMERGENCIES. Operational Guidance V3 OCT 2017
INFANT MILKS – FIRST STEPS NUTRITION